Imamatul KhairFollow

Document Type





Summer 8-12-2021


note-taking; note-taking stenography; listening comprehension


In academic settings, lectures are the primary source of information that students in higher education listen to. Some students might find difficulties in writing some admissible information from the lecture under restricted time. By carrying out note-taking, students are expected to recall information more easily for later use. In reducing the cognitive burden during listening to lectures, students, therefore, apply additional recording techniques so-called stenography of note-taking. The seven types of note-taking stenography posses at least six functions in selective listening among English Department students.


Education | Language and Literacy Education


Bureau of Education and Cultural Affairs (ECA) of the U.S. Department of State

Funding ID


Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-Share Alike 4.0 International License.

Additional Information

This work has been created with support from the Institute of International Education (IIE)/Fulbright - English for Graduate Students Program.

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