The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) is a critical safety net program that helps reduce food insecurity among low-income households in the United States. However, many eligible households do not participate in SNAP due to burdensome administrative requirements. To make it easier for more older adults and people with disabilities to participate in SNAP, many states have adopted the Standard Medical Deduction (SMD) to simplify administrative requirements. This brief summarizes findings from a study that examined the associations between state SMD adoption and SNAP participation and benefits from 2004 to 2019.

Document Type

Policy Brief




Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, Food Insecurity, Older Adults




Policy Briefs Series


A previous version of this research was presented at the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management Fall Conference in Washington, D.C., November 18, 2022. This research was supported by the National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health (Grant No. P30AG066583), awarded to the Center for Aging and Policy Studies, Syracuse University, in consortium with Cornell University and the University at Albany. The authors thank William Clay Fannin, Gabriella Alfonso, and Katherine Hills (Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University) for providing excellent research support.


Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Public Policy | Social Welfare

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



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