Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in the United States, but there are large disparities in CVD death rates across the country. Air pollution also plays an important role in shaping geographic disparities in CVD mortality, as air pollutants can become absorbed in human circulation systems, and cause inflammation, damage nervous systems, and trigger poor CVD outcomes. This brief reports the results of a study that used data on air pollution and from death certificates to estimate the association between fine particulate matter and cardiovascular disease mortality rates in the U.S. in 2016-2018. Results show that cutting air pollution to match the World Health Organization’s proposed standards could have prevented over 300,000 CVD deaths in the U.S. over this period.
Pollution, Cardiovascular Disease
Policy Briefs Series
The author thanks Alyssa Kirk and Shannon Monnat for edits and feedback on a previous version of this brief.
Environmental Policy | Environmental Studies | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Public Policy | Sociology
Sun, Yue. (2023). Regulations on Air Pollution Could Reduce Geographic Disparities in Cardiovascular Disease Mortality. Center for Policy Research. Policy Brief #8. Accessed at: https://surface.syr.edu/cpr/481.
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