The spatial Mundlak model first considered by Debarsy (2012) is an alternative to fixed effects and random effects estimation for spatial panel data models. Mundlak modelled the correlated random individual effects as a linear combination of the averaged regressors over time plus a random time-invariant error. This paper shows that if spatial correlation is present whether spatial lag or spatial error or both, the standard Mundlak result in panel data does not hold and random effects does not reduce to its fixed effects counterpart. However, using maximum likelihood one can still estimate these spatial Mundlak models and test the correlated random effects specification of Mundlak using Likelihood ratio tests as demonstrated by Debarsy for the Mundlak spatial Durbin model.
Mundlak Regression, Panel Data, Fixed and Random Effects, Spatial error model, Spatial Durbin model
Working Papers Series
Economic Policy | Economics | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Public Policy
Baltagi, Badi H., "The Mundlak Spatial Estimator" (2023). Center for Policy Research. 476.
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