Document Type

Working Paper

Date

2-2021

Keywords

Industrial Robots, Automation, Workplace Safety, Occupational Safety

Language

English

Acknowledgements

For helpful comments and suggestions, the authors thank Gary Engelhardt and Jeffrey Kubik. The data used in this project are available online: OSHA data enforcement (enforcedata.dol.gov/views/data_summary.php) and IFR robot data from Acemoglu and Restrepo (2020) (economics.mit.edu/faculty/acemoglu/data/robotsjobs).

Disciplines

Economic Policy | Economics | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration

Description/Abstract

This study measures the effect of industrial robots on workplace safety at the commuting zone level, exploiting potentially exogenous variation in robot exposure due to technological progress. Workplace safety is measured by workers involved in severe or fatal accidents inspected by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration. From 2000 to 2007, we find that one additional robot in exposure per 1,000 workers decreased the OSHA accident rate at the mean by 15.1 percent. We also find that robot exposure decreased OSHA violations and accidents more likely to be affected by robot penetration, specifically those involving machinery or electrical.

ISSN

1525-3066

Additional Information

Working paper no. 239

Source

Local input

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

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