This study develops and estimates a model of measurement error in self-reported health conditions. The model allows self-reports of a health condition to differ from a contemporaneous medical examination, prior medical records, or both. The model is estimated using a two-sample strategy, which combines survey data linked medical examination results and survey data linked to prior medical records. The study finds substantial inconsistencies between self-reported health, the medical record, and prior medical records. The study proposes alternative estimators for the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed conditions and estimates the bias that arises when using self-reported health conditions as explanatory variables.
Measurement Error, Disease Prevalence, Diabetes, Hypertension, Medical Examination, Self-Reported, Health Condition
Working Papers Series
Health Policy | Medicine and Health | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Li, Ling and Singleton, Perry, "A Framework for Measurement Error in Self-Reported Health Conditions" (2016). Center for Policy Research. 223.
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