Asymptotic power, Sphericity, John Test, Weak Factor, Strong Factor, High Dimensional Inference, Panel Data
Working Papers Series
Econometrics | Economic Policy | Economics | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration
This paper studies the asymptotic power for the sphericity test in a fixed effect panel data model proposed by Baltagi, Feng and Kao (2011), (JBFK). This is done under the alternative hypotheses of weak and strong factors. By weak factors, we mean that the Euclidean norm of the vector of the factor loadings is O(1). By strong factors, we mean that the Euclidean norm of the vector of factor loadings is O(pn), where n is the number of individuals in the panel. To derive the limiting distribution of JBFK under the alternative, we first derive the limiting distribution of its raw data counterpart. Our results show that, when the factor is strong, the test statistic diverges in probability to infinity as fast as Op(nT). However, when the factor is weak, its limiting distribution is a rightward mean shift of the limit distribution under the null. Second, we derive the asymptotic behavior of the difference between JBFK and its raw data counterpart. Our results show that when the factor is strong this difference is as large as Op(n). In contrast, when the factor is weak, this difference converges in probability to a constant. Taken together, these results imply that when the factor is strong, JBFK is consistent, but when the factor is weak, JBFK is inconsistent even though its asymptotic power is nontrivial.
Baltagi, Badi H.; Kao, Chihwa; and Wang, Fa, "Asymptotic Power of the Sphericity Test Under Weak and Strong Factors in a Fixed Effects Panel Data Model" (2016). Center for Policy Research. 218.
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