Document Type

Article

Date

2003

Embargo Period

1-19-2012

Keywords

sensor network, ant system, energy balancing, communication distance

Language

English

Disciplines

Computer Sciences

Description/Abstract

In a sensor network consisting of both wired and wireless links, the nodes sense, collect and distribute dynamic information from one sensor to the other. Energy consumption is a key issue in the sensor’s communications since many use battery power, which is limited. The sensors also have limited memory and functionality to support communications. Therefore, there is a need to balance energy usage with obtaining the shortest communication distance. This paper presents a novel approach to selecting message routes using an ant system. Parameters controlling the convergence of the ant system are analyzed in terms of wired and wireless networks.

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