Date of Award
Master of Fine Arts (MFA)
Bio design, Biomaterial, Fashion industry, Sustainability, Textile industry
Art and Design | Arts and Humanities
Throughout the world, both the textile and fashion industries play a major role in environmental pollution. On a daily basis, the processes employed cause serious damage to the environment, both through raw material use and as a result of the various ways textiles are processed. Many environmental issues can be addressed through the proper selection of raw materials and by transforming production processes into sustainable closed loop systems. This project aims to address these important issues by developing an eco-friendly biodegradable material with applications to the fashion and textile industries. This project employs a bio design approach to develop a biomaterial using living organisms. In order to produce this material, an interdisciplinary project was formed between the Department of Chemistry and the School of Design at Syracuse University. The experiments for a producing biomaterial were done at the Moz laboratory over the ten months. The biomaterial is made of the bacterial protein (ELP). The non-pathogenic bacteria that produces this protein is called E.coli which is completely safe for human body in this application. As a result of this research, six samples of biodegradable and ecofriendly biomaterial with different material properties were produced. This includes a biomaterial with a flexible and soft texture that could be applied as a textile and one with a compact foam-like texture that could be used in the footwear industry. In addition, this research developed this biomaterial in two natural color variations. These colors are produced by inserting the jellyfish gene into the bacteria which has resulted in samples that are either purple or yellow. This dying method could be applied for different applications and design purposes.
Tabatabaeimanesh, Faezeh, "Bio Design for Clothing: Creating a Biodegradable Biomaterial With a Direct Application to Clothing" (2021). Theses - ALL. 552.