Paul Crovella: 0000-0003-1448-3288


Syracuse Center of Excellence in Environmental and Energy Systems - Syracuse University


Buildings account for approximately 40% of annual greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. In New York State, approximately 80% of residential and commercial buildings were constructed before the emerging energy codes in the 1970s [1]. Therefore, there is a significant need for affordable and scalable building retrofit solutions with low embodied emissions to meet the targets in the NYS Climate Leadership and Community Protection Act of 2019. A building energy audit is the initial step to quantify a building's energy performance and reveal its energy-saving potential. However, performing a high-level energy audit requires detailed field analysis and is often time-consuming and expensive. Therefore, there is a need for digital solutions to make different parts of the building assessment process affordable, efficient, and scalable. The overarching goal of the project was to develop a drone-based technique that automates building envelope inspection procedures and collects data for developing semantic-rich models for retrofit design and verification.

Document Type

Research Brief


building assessment, retrofit design, energy efficiency


Environmental Engineering





Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



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