Fluctuations, condensed matter physics
We use a hydrodynamics theory to discuss the response of a viscous flux-line liquid to an ac perturbation applied at the surface of the sample. The theory incorporates viscoelastic effects and describes the crossover between liquid-like and solid-like response of the vortex array as the frequency of the perturbation increases. A large viscosity from flux-line interactions and entanglement leads to viscous screening of surface fields. As a result, two frequency-dependent length scales are needed to describe the penetration of an ac field. For large viscosities the imaginary part of the ac permeability can exihibit, in addition to the well-know peak associated with flux diffusion across the sample, a new low-frequency peak corresponding to the transition from solid-like to liquid-like behavior.
harvested from arXiv.org