Document Type




Embargo Period



engineering change management; ECM; change propagation; innovation; learning; object-oriented concepts


Operations Research, Systems Engineering and Industrial Engineering


Engineering Changes (ECs) are facts of life for any company developing and introducing new products, despite a commonly held notion that they are distractions from normal operation. Companies can become more innovative by utilising ideas from the ECs or by learning how to handle the ECs. This paper presents a framework to manage the ECs effectively, particularly the issue of EC propagation. An EC seldom confines itself to a single change, but triggers other changes in different components. The framework is designed to identify the affected components automatically, capture the required knowledge during the design phase of the product life cycle, and use it during the Engineering Change Management (ECM) process.



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