Preexisting health conditions increase vulnerability to severe complications from COVID-19. Among middle-aged and older Americans, vulnerability to severe COVID-19 complications based on preexisting conditions is 2-3 times greater for those with low versus high income. Vulnerability is about 40% higher for middle-aged and older adults with a high school degree or less than adults with a four-year college degree. In every age group, Blacks are more vulnerable than Whites, but Hispanics are at lower risk based on fewer preexisting health conditions.
COVID-19, Coronavirus, disparities, infection, health, complication
Demography, Population, and Ecology | Public Health | Race and Ethnicity
For More Information
National Institute on Aging, Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, National Science Foundation
P30AG034424, P2C-HD041022, R01 HD069609, R01 AG040213, SES 1157698, 1623684
Wiemers, Emily E.; Abrahams, Scott; AlFakhri, Marwa; Holtz, V. Joseph; Schoeni, Robert F.; and Seltzer, Judith A., "Disparities in Vulnerability to Severe Complications from COVID-19 in the United States" (2020). Population Health Research Brief Series. 26.
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