National Institute on Aging, The Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion & Population Health

Funding ID

grant # 1P30AG066583


In 2020, hypertension (high blood pressure) was responsible for over 670,000 deaths in the U.S. Combined with changes in lifestyle and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic, diagnoses of high blood pressure and new cases of hypertension increased, regardless of whether an individual had COVID-19. This research brief examines changes in blood pressure among U.S. adults in Fall 2020 and Spring 2021 and finds that poor sleep quality and poor mental health were associated with less desirable blood pressure patterns. The results indicate a need for healthcare providers to consider sleep quality and mental health when assessing patients for cardiovascular disease.

Document Type

Research Brief


COVID-19, Heart Disease, Blood Pressure, Public Health, Mental Health, Sleep


Cardiovascular Diseases | Medicine and Health Sciences | Mental and Social Health | Public Health






Heffernan is an affiliate of the Center for Aging and Policy Studies, which receives funding from the National Institute on Aging (grant # 1P30AG066583). This project was supported by the Lerner Center for Public Health Promotion &Population Health through a Faculty Fellow grant award. The author thanks Shannon Monnat for providing edits on prior drafts of this brief.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.