Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture
Although early childhood is considered a critical time for investment in a child’s life, the United States lacks many traditional family policy programs like paid family leave and widely subsidized daycare. Instead, the U.S. relies on means-tested programs such as the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF). This brief summarizes findings from a study examining participation in SNAP and TANF in early childhood in Virginia. Findings suggest that strengthening SNAP and TANF would provide significant benefit to Black and Hispanic children and those residing in rural areas.
SNAP, TANF, Food Insecurity, Children
Food Studies | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Social Policy | Social Welfare
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This research was funded by the Economic Research Service at the United States Department of Agriculture through cooperative agreement #58-4000-8-0036R. The opinions expressed are those of the authors and do not represent views of the Virginia Department of Social Services or the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Special thanks to Shannon Monnat and Nicole Replogle for their help editing this brief.
Heflin, Colleen; Rothbart, Michah W.; and Mackenzie-Liu, Mattie, "Strengthening SNAP and TANF is Essential to Support Children in Early Childhood" (2021). Population Health Research Brief Series. 150.
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