In commemoration of the 75th Anniversary of Executive Order 9981, which formally desegregated the military in 1948, this brief presents data on some of the contemporary “dualities” in the experience of Black veterans. It highlights both positive and negative aspects of Black and African American service members and veterans who have made significant contributions to the U.S. military throughout history, despite the challenges of segregation, discrimination, and unequal treatment.
Military and Veterans Studies
Diversity in the military, African American veterans, Transition, Employment, Entrepreneurship
Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University
Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University, "Navigating Duality in Black & African Americans’ Military Journey" (2023). Institute for Veterans and Military Families. 433.
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