In this study, researchers found significant differences in employment among recently returned veterans based on age, health, and service era. The Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans, ages 18-24, were more likely to have higher earnings if employed, while older veterans, ages 37-64, had higher odds of unemployment. In practice, veterans may be experiencing an employment divide in which those who can find work command high wages, while others are not able to find work at all. In policy, policymakers may wish to revisit these issues by increasing the availability of programs and services for older veterans and those from previous eras who are not faring as well in the labor market, especially those with poor health. Suggestions for future study include focusing on the impact of specific health problems, such as mental health issues and substance abuse, and on employment outcomes for veterans, as well as including larger samples of veterans over the age of 37, and more in-depth information about this group and their deployment experiences.
Humensky, J. L., Jordan, N., Stroupe, K. T., & Hynes, D. M. (2013). How are Iraq/Afghanistan-era veterans faring in the labor market? Armed Forces & Society, 39(1), 158–183. https://doi.org/10.1177/0095327X12449433
Labor Economics | Labor Relations | Military and Veterans Studies | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Social and Behavioral Sciences
Employment, Labor market, Veterans, Iraq/Afghanistan, Research brief
Employment and Economic Opportunity
Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University
Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University, "Research Brief: "How Are Iraq/Afghanistan-Era Veterans Faring in the Labor Market?"" (2013). Institute for Veterans and Military Families. 340.
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