This study utilized empirical data to analyze the impact of Executive Order 13269, a recruiting strategy enacted by former president George W. Bush that provides expedited citizenship to non-citizens who join the U.S. military, and it found that there was no overall effect of the Executive Order on the number of non-citizen enlistments into the military. In practice, non-citizens interested in U.S. citizenship should consider military enlistment as an alternative to the typical path to citizenship, and both non-citizen and citizen veterans should familiarize themselves with the plethora of resources available to them. In policy, the Department of Defense might recruit from higher-educated groups of non-citizens who have specific skillsets such as foreign language fluency, cultural awareness, and technical knowledge that is not readily available in typical citizen recruitment and military accessions. Suggestions for future study include involving researchers who are cognizant of unobserved heterogeneity across varying demographics, as well as seeking to determine the omitted variables that may have affected the results of this study, such as geographic location and socioeconomic status.
Cunha, J. M., Sullivan, R., Can, M., & Yalcinkaya, H. (2014). Expedited citizenship for sale: Estimating the effect of Executive Order 13269 on noncitizen military enlistments. Applied Economics, 46(11), 1291-1300. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2013.870658
International and Area Studies | Legal Studies | Military and Veterans Studies | Public Affairs, Public Policy and Public Administration | Social and Behavioral Sciences | Sociology
Citizenship, Military, Enlistment, Executive order, Government, Research brief
Citizenship; United States; Armed Forces; Recruiting, Enlistment
Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University
Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University, "Research Brief: "Expedited Citizenship for Sale: Estimating the Effect of Executive Order 13269 on Noncitizen Military Enlistments"" (2014). Institute for Veterans and Military Families. 260.
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