Honors Capstone Project
Date of Submission
Dr. Sandra D. Lane, Ph.D., MPH Professor of Public Health and Anthropology
Dr. Kay Stearns Bruening, Ph.D., R.D. Associate Professor, Department Chair
Nutrition Science and Dietetics
Sport and Human Dynamics
Capstone Prize Winner
Won Capstone Funding
Community Health and Preventive Medicine | Dietetics and Clinical Nutrition | Public Health
Global diabetes is a serious and growing problem, which has quickly turned into a public health crisis. The rapid spread of type 2 diabetes can be contributed to several different factors, including genetics, environmental influences, poor nutrition habits, and sedentary lifestyle. A large part of the proliferation of this diease is the spread of western culture, specifically diet.
A problem faced when addressing this disease from a global standpoint of prevention, control, and treatment is that type 2 diabetes affects different cultures in different manners around the globe due to differences in risk factors (including genetics, age, race, sex, education, socioeconomic status, and income). In order to best prevent the spread of this disease, prevention efforts must have common goals worldwide; however, prevention also needs to be geared towards the culture being addressed.
This capstone is divided in two parts: the first part is a review of what type 2 diabetes is and how it affects individuals with the disease, including symptoms, risk factors, complications, and possible preventions. The second part is an epidemiological review, which seeks to find trends and differences in data among different cultures. Specifically addressed are the United States, China, and India. This review is possible through the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Diabetes Public Health National Surveillance, the National Diabetes Fact sheet, the International Diabetes Federation, and other contributing statistical databases.
Heuer, Kelly, "The Proliferation of Diabetes: A Cultural Epidemiological Review of Type 2 Diabetes in the Global Community" (2014). Honors Capstone Projects - All. 774.
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