Lynne Gertz

Degree Type

Honors Capstone Project

Date of Submission

Spring 5-1-2006

Capstone Advisor

Brian K. Martens, Ph.D.

Honors Reader

Laura Lee McIntyre, Ph.D.

Capstone Major


Capstone College

Arts and Science

Audio/Visual Component


Capstone Prize Winner


Won Capstone Funding


Honors Categories

Social Sciences

Subject Categories

Cognitive Psychology | Other Psychology | Psychology


Reading is a critical skill needed to achieve success in nearly every aspect of life. Students who have difficulty reading in the early grades have a greater chance of high school dropout, a negative attitude toward reading, and even a decreased likelihood of adequate employment. Unfortunately, well over half of all elementary school students read at or below a basic level. Although many factors are involved in becoming a proficient reader, research shows that fluency is one of the most important factors for reading at a mastery level. Oral reading fluency, the speed and accuracy with which a student reads aloud, has also been related to gains in comprehension. This study compared the effects of an already established intervention, repeated reading, to a newly designed intervention, fluency trial, on students’ oral reading fluency and comprehension. Four third-grade students reading below grade level participated. Using an alternating treatments design, students were assessed on four first grade passages at baseline and then read these same passages during each of the two intervention conditions. Results showed that all students’ oral reading fluency and comprehension on the four passages improved during both intervention conditions, with three of the students benefiting slightly more from the fluency trial than from the repeated reading intervention. Implications of these results for the management of classroom reading interventions are discussed.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 3.0 License.



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