Honors Capstone Project
Date of Submission
Dr. D. Bruce Carter
Dr. Tanya Eckert
Arts and Science
Capstone Prize Winner
Won Capstone Funding
Child Psychology | Psychology | Social Psychology
Substantial research in child development focuses on the formation of gender identity and how socialization in the home contributes to the acquisition of gender-linked behavior; however, there is not much recent discussion of the parents’ influence in the formation of gender stereotypes, specifically of those regarding toys, in Spain. Research indicates that children are able to identify the gender appropriateness of certain toys at early ages (between 2 and 4 years of age) and their interest in playing with stereotyped toys varies as a function of the toys' gender appropriateness. This study focused specifically on gender and toys and how Spanish parents socialize their children on gender roles in regards to toys. The study is in two parts. Study 1 orally surveyed 58 Spanish first and second grade children (ages 6 to 7) at Colegío Chamberí in Madrid, Spain and seeks to increase our understanding of how parents introduce gender through their toy selection, attitudes, and responses to play behaviors within a Spanish population. Study 2 compares toy preferences and the impact of the amount and type of parental socialization in the Spanish population to the significant research conducted on American children. Discussion will focus on the impact of parental socialization on children’s gendered play conceptions and preferences.
Simmons, Christina A., "Gender Socialization in Toys by Parents" (2010). Syracuse University Honors Program Capstone Projects. 377.
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