Date of Award
Master of Arts (MA)
African American Studies
Sang N. Sangmpam
Class Relations, Democratization, Ethnic politicization, Kenya, Marginalization, Post-Election Violence
Social and Behavioral Sciences
Until recently, Kenya was considered an icon, a bastion of political stability and economic growth in East Africa and Africa in general. Forty-four years after gaining independence, and fifteen years since the beginning of multiparty democracy, the ruling elite touted this exceptionalism to conceal the historical grievances of marginalized communities. Given this background, the electoral violence experienced between December 2007 and March 2008 came as a surprise to many. Much scholarship on the topic focuses on the immediate triggers such as voting irregularities rather than the underlying conditions that existed prior to the violence. In this study, I attempt to identify the root causes of the electoral violence in Kenya by focusing on two main areas of historical marginalization: class and ethnic marginalization. The Kenyan crisis helps show some lessons for pan-African world.
Tartarini, Hamdi Ibrahim, "Marginalization and Democracy: Kenya's 2007 Post Election Violence" (2015). Dissertations - ALL. 348.