Date of Award

Spring 5-22-2021

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Mathematics

Advisor(s)

Steven Diaz

Keywords

elliptic curves, Galois field, nonic field, odd degree, torsion subgroups

Subject Categories

Physical Sciences and Mathematics

Abstract

The Mordell-Weil Theorem states that if K is a number field and E/K is an elliptic curve that the group of K-rational points E(K) is a finitely generated abelian group, i.e. E(K) = Z^{r_K} ⊕ E(K)_tors, where r_K is the rank of E and E(K)_tors is the subgroup of torsion points on E. Unfortunately, very little is known about the rank r_K. Even in the case of K = Q, it is not known which ranks are possible or if the ranks are bounded. However, there have been great strides in determining the sets E(K)_tors. Progress began in 1977 with Mazur’s classification of the possible torsion subgroups E(Q)_tors for rational elliptic curves, and there has since been an explosion of classifications.

Inspired by work of Chou, González Jiménez, Lozano-Robledo, and Najman, the purpose of this work is to classify the set Φ_Q^{Gal}(9), i.e. the set of possible torsion subgroups for rational elliptic curves over nonic Galois fields. We not only completely determine the set Φ_Q^{Gal}(9), but we also determine the possible torsion subgroups based on the isomorphism type of Gal(K/Q). We then determine the possibilities for the growth of torsion from E(Q)_tors to E(K)_tors, i.e. what the possibilities are for E(K)_tors ⊇ E(Q)_tors given a fixed torsion subgroup E(Q)_tors. Extending the techniques used in the classification of Φ_Q^{Gal}(9), we then determine the possible structures over all odd degree Galois fields. Finally, we explicitly determine the sets Φ_Q^{Gal}(d) for all odd d based on the prime factorization for d while proving a number of other related results.

Access

Open Access

Available for download on Tuesday, December 21, 2021

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