Date of Award

December 2020

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering


Utpal Roy

Second Advisor

Riyad S. Aboutaha


Model-based Approach, Natural Language Processing, Ontology, Product Lifecycle Management, Requirement Specification, Semantic Web

Subject Categories



The requirement specification is an official documentation activity, which is a collection of certain information to specify the product and its life-cycle activities in terms of functions, features, performance, constraints, production, maintenance, disposal process, etc. It contains mainly two phases; product requirement generation and representation. Appropriate criteria for the product design and further life-cycle activities are determined based on the requirement specification as well as the interrelations of product requirements with other life-cycle information such as; materials, manufacturing, working environments, finance, and regulations. The determination of these criteria is normally error-prone. It is difficult to identify and maintain the completeness and consistency of the requirement information across the product life-cycle. Product requirements are normally expressed in abstract and conceptual terms with document base representation which yields unstructured and heterogeneous information base and it is unsuitable for intelligent machine interpretations. Most of the time determination of the requirements and development of the requirement specification documents are performed by the designers/engineers based on their own experiences that might lead to incompleteness and inconsistency. This research work proposes a unique model-based product requirement representation and generation architecture to aid designers/engineers to specify product requirements across the product life-cycle. A requirement knowledge management architecture is developed to enhance the capabilities of the current Product Life-cycle Management (PLM) platforms in terms of product requirement representation and generation. After a systematic study on the categorization of product requirements, an ontological framework is developed for the specification of the requirements and related product life-cycle domain information. The ontological framework is embedded in an existing PLM system. A computational platform is developed and integrated into the PLM system for the intelligent machine processing of the product requirements and related information. This architecture supports product requirement representation in terms of the ontological framework and further information retrieval, inference, and requirement text generation activities.


Open Access

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