Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Electrical Engineering and Computer Science
Qi Wang Song
Ever-increasing demand in modern wireless communication systems leads researchers to focus on design challenges on one of the main components of RF transmitters and receivers, namely amplifiers. On the transmitter side, enhanced efficiency and broader bandwidth over single and multiple bands on power amplifiers will help to have superior performance in communication systems. On the other hand, for the receiver side, having low noise and high gain will be necessary to ensure good quality transmission over such systems. In light of these considerations, a unique approach in design methodologies are studied with low noise amplifiers (LNAs) for RF receivers and the Doherty technique is analyzed for efficiency enhancement for power amplifiers (PA) on the transmitters. This work can be outlined in two parts.
In the first part, Low Noise RF amplifier designs with Bipolar Junction Transistor (BJT) are studied to achieve better performing LNAs for receivers. The aim is to obtain a low noise figure while optimizing the bandwidth and achieving a maximum available gain. There are two designs that are operating at different center frequencies and utilizing different transistors. The first design is a wideband low-noise amplifier operating at 2 GHz with a high power BJT. The proposed design uses only distributed elements to realize the input and output matching networks. Additionally, a passive DC bias network is used instead of an active DC bias network to avoid possible complications due to the lumped elements parasitic effects. The matching networks are designed based on the reflection coefficients that are derived based on the transistor’s available regions. The second design is a low voltage standing wave ratio (VSWR) amplifier with a low noise figure operating at 3 GHz. This design is following the same method as in the first design. Both these amplifiers are designed to operate in broadband applications and can be good candidates for base stations.
The second part of this work focuses on the transmitter side of communication systems. For this part, Doherty Power Amplifier (DPA) is analyzed as an efficiency enhancement technique for PAs. A modified architecture is proposed to have wider bandwidth and higher efficiency. In the proposed design, the quarter-wave impedance inverter was eliminated. The input and the output of the main and peak amplifiers are matched to the load directly. Additionally, the input and output matching networks are realized only using distributed elements. The selected transistor for this design is a 10 W Gallium Nitride (GaN). The fabricated amplifier operates at the center frequency of 2 GHz and provides 40% fractional bandwidth, 54% of maximum power-added efficiency, and 12.5 dB or better small-signal gain. The design is showing promising results to be a good candidate for better-performing transmitters over the L- and S- band.
Kok, Mehmet, "Amplifier Architectures for Wireless Communication Systems" (2020). Dissertations - ALL. 1231.