Acidic deposition, Aluminum speciation, Stream water, Soil water, Water quality
Civil and Environmental Engineering
Aluminum (Al) chemistry was studied in soils and waters of two catchments covered by spruce (Picea abies) monocultures in the Czech Republic that represent geochemical end-members of terrestrial and aquatic sensitivity to acidic deposition. The acid-sensitive Lysina catchment, underlain by granite, was compared to the acid-resistant Pluhův Bor catchment on serpentine. Organically-bound Al was the largest pool of reactive soil Al at both sites. Very high median total Al (Alt) concentrations (40 μmol L−1) and inorganic monomeric Al (Ali) concentrations (27 μmol L−1) were observed in acidic (pH 4.0) stream water at Lysina in the 1990s and these concentrations decreased to 32 μmol L−1 (Alt) and 13 μmol L−1 (Ali) in the 2000s. The potentially toxic Ali fraction decreased in response to long-term decreases in acidic deposition, but Ali remained the largest fraction. However, the organic monomeric (Alo) and particulate (Alp) fractions increased in the 2000s at Lysina. In contrast to Lysina, marked increases of Alt concentrations in circum-neutral waters at Pluhův Bor were observed in the 2000s in comparison with the 1990s. These increases were entirely due to the Alp fraction, which increased more than 3-fold in stream water and up to 8-fold in soil water in the A horizon. Increase of Alp coincided with dissolved organic carbon (DOC) increases. Acidification recovery may have increased the content of colloidal Al though the coagulation of monomeric Al.
Krám, Pavel, Jakub Hruška, Charles T. Driscoll, Chris E. Johnson, and Filip Oulehle. 2009. “Long-Term Changes in Aluminum Fractions of Drainage Waters in Two Forest Catchments with Contrasting Lithology.” Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, The Eighth Keele Meeting on Aluminium, 103 (11): 1465–72. doi:10.1016/j.jinorgbio.2009.07.025.