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Concepts of protest in Africa, like historical concepts elsewhere, have undergone considerable change through the last half century, and it is possible at present to distinguish three schools of thought. These are the colonialist school, the nationalist, and, for want of a more specific term, the revisionist.
For more information, refer to the Kenya National Archives subject guide.
Program of Eastern African Studies, Maxwell Graduate School of Citizenship and Public Affairs, Syracuse University
Strayer, Robert W.; Steinhart, Edward I.; Maxon, Robert M.; and Gregory, Robert G., "Protest movements in colonial East Africa : aspects of early African response to European rule" (1973). Kenya National Archives Guides. 11.