NII, National Information Infrastructure, Collaboration and televirtuality, InfoVISION, Information, Video, Imagery and Simulation on Demand, digital libraries, commerce, metacomputing, WebTop productivity services, WebWork for High Performance computing, WebWindows
We divide potential NII (National Information Infrastructure) services into five broad areas: Collaboration and televirtuality; InfoVISiON (Information, Video, Imagery, and Simulation on Demand), and digital libraries; commerce; metacomputing; WebTop productivity services. The latter denotes the broad suite of tools we expect to be offered on the Web in a general environment we term WebWindows. We review current and future World Wide Web technologies, which could underlie these services. In particular, we suggest an integration framework WebWork for High Performance (parallel and distributed) computing and the NII. We point out that pervasive WebWork and WebWindows technologies will enable, facilitate and substantially accelerate such complex software processes on the NII. We briefly analyze seven broad application areas: society; business enterprises; health care; defense command and control, and crisis management; education; collaboratory; manufacturing. We contrast their use of NII with a more detailed examination of the manufacture of complex systems, such as aircraft and automobiles. This application will stress the NII, but there is a remarkable opportunity to develop new manufacturing practices that offer cost savings and reduced time to market.
Fox, Geoffrey C. and Furmanski, Wojtek, "The Use of the National Information Infrastructure and High Performance Computers in Industry" (1995). Northeast Parallel Architecture Center. Paper 41.