Cultures of security: Military tactics and city planning in Lower Manhattan since 11 September 2001

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Social Sciences


Stuart Bretschneider


Area Planning and Development, Public policy, Military studies, Urban planning

Subject Categories

Social and Behavioral Sciences


Through information gleaned from semi-structured interviews with twenty-eight (28) security planners in Washington D.C. and New York, this study tracks and explains the application of military doctrine within civil society through the Lower Manhattan Security Initiative. Although many studies have examined the deployment of antiterrorism measures in American cities, very few have explored how domestic security networks are generating unprecedented levels of collaboration between the U.S. intelligence community and state and local law enforcement agencies. The unintended outcome is the encroachment of a bifurcated security network, with interdiction and fortification activities running mostly separate from community preparedness efforts, creating significant changes in domestic security governance. In a broader sense, this is a story of how federal security sets the agenda for local-level practitioners and communities, how governance and planning become affected by federal security policy, and what lessons can be learned to foster a more equitable and sustainable framework for implementation in New York and other U.S. cities.


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