Stroke: Identifying Symptoms and Acting Fast to Save Lives and Prevent Permanent Disabilities

Mary E. Helander
Bernard Appiah
Miriam Mutambudzi


Stroke is the 5th leading cause of death in the United States. Strokes and their long-term effects are preventable. Recognizing the symptoms of stroke and acting quickly can prevent death and minimize long-term disabilities. Family members and bystanders have an important role to play. This issue brief describes stroke symptoms and prevention guidelines, summarizes the information 9-1-1 callers should be prepared to provide when someone is having a stroke, and discusses the importance of acting quickly to save lives and long-term damage.