This Note explores and critiques provisions of Law 272 and Law 273, as well as the vulnerable position of Romania's orphaned and abandoned children and Romania's unique challenges to protect them. The remainder of the Introduction maps the history of Romania's orphaned and abandoned children, highlighting the catalysts leading to Romania's need for reform of its child protection laws. Part I traces the drafting process of the new laws, with particular attention on outside influence and how the laws comply with existing international guidelines for inter-country adoption. Part II reveals the devastating consequences the new laws will continue to have on orphaned and abandoned children in Romania. Lastly, Part III demonstrates how these consequences constitute a human rights violation.





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