The irrational and utopian note of the revolution remained constant through its long and eventful history. I will try to show that the idea of modern revolution is not simply an attack on an established authority, but a phenomenon sui generis, i.e., an attack on order as such, based on an identifiable metaphysical position. The present article may be regarded as an attempt to contribute through an uncovering of the spiritual roots of the revolution, to an understanding upon which depends the survival of personal values in the social order, at a time when that order seems threatened from without and, even more, from within.





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