This study found that about four percent (4.2%) of VHA users with psychiatric diagnoses accessed employment services in a given year. VHA patients with a psychiatric diagnosis of schizophrenia had higher odds of accessing employment services relative to VHA users with other psychiatric diagnoses, including PTSD, depression, and other anxiety disorders. In practice, veterans should be aware that receiving VHA employment services should not affect VA benefits and should discuss their medical and financial benefits with benefits advisors and other appropriate advisors. In policy, Policymakers could consider allocating funds to further study the efficacy and effectiveness of various employment services provided by the VHA, particularly for veterans with PTSD, depression, and other anxiety disorders. Suggestions for future study include using longitudinal data to investigate the receipt of employment services over several years, as well as oversampling female veterans, veterans of diverse ethnic and racial backgrounds, and younger veterans to better understand the unique employment-related needs of veterans with different demographic characteristics.

Original Citation

Abraham, K. M., Ganoczy, D., Yosef, M., Resnick, S. G., & Zivin, K. (2014). Receipt of employment services among Veterans Health Administration users with psychiatric diagnoses. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 51(3), 401–414.

Document Type



Mental Disorders | Military and Veterans Studies | Vocational Rehabilitation Counseling


2 pages




Access, Anxiety, Disorders, Bipolar disorder, Employment services, Depression, Mental illness, Psychiatric diagnosis, PTSD, Schizophrenia, Supported employment, Transitional work, Veterans, Vocational rehabilitation


Veterans; Vocational rehabilitation; Veterans--Mental health--United States

Geographic Area

United States


Institute for Veterans and Military Families at Syracuse University





Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.



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