Conference Editor

Jianshun Zhang; Edward Bogucz; Cliff Davidson; Elizabeth Krietmeyer

Keywords:

Rain intrusion, runoff, catch area, mechanisms of water leakage, façade details

Location

Syracuse, NY

Event Website

http://ibpc2018.org/

Start Date

24-9-2018 3:30 PM

End Date

24-9-2018 5:00 PM

Description

There is a need of more knowledge about the mechanisms of water leakage through façades exposed to driving rain to make reliable risk analyses. Therefore, we have studied it in more detail and the outcome include inter alia a new algorithm. The algorithm is developed for calculation of water leakages through rain screen deficiencies. The algorithm is based on empirical values from many measurements according to standardized test method and validation. Even though the leakage process is very complicated, simple correlations have been shown. The leakages flow rate through deficiencies are mainly limited by the runoff rate and the catch area above the hole and around the hole with dam. Apart from wind pressure as a driving force, the inlet of the holes is often on a higher level than the outlet at the rear of the façade, which creates significant hydrostatic pressure, which can be elevated by impoundment at the obstacle. This is the main reasons to comprehensive water leakages through façades without any wind pressure (pressure equalized façades). If precise information about defects data is not available, there are extensive measurements supporting the following assumption – a realistic leakage flow for a small or invisible spot leakage at a façade detail is presumed to be 0.5 to 2% of the runoff rate per meter of façade width. If there are multiple penetrations or obvious defects in the façade design in combination with the dams, a significantly higher proportion of the runoff flow can leak in.

Comments

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DOI

https://doi.org/10.14305/ibpc.2018.ms-3.03

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.

COinS
 
Sep 24th, 3:30 PM Sep 24th, 5:00 PM

New algorithm for water leakages flow through rain screen deficiencies

Syracuse, NY

There is a need of more knowledge about the mechanisms of water leakage through façades exposed to driving rain to make reliable risk analyses. Therefore, we have studied it in more detail and the outcome include inter alia a new algorithm. The algorithm is developed for calculation of water leakages through rain screen deficiencies. The algorithm is based on empirical values from many measurements according to standardized test method and validation. Even though the leakage process is very complicated, simple correlations have been shown. The leakages flow rate through deficiencies are mainly limited by the runoff rate and the catch area above the hole and around the hole with dam. Apart from wind pressure as a driving force, the inlet of the holes is often on a higher level than the outlet at the rear of the façade, which creates significant hydrostatic pressure, which can be elevated by impoundment at the obstacle. This is the main reasons to comprehensive water leakages through façades without any wind pressure (pressure equalized façades). If precise information about defects data is not available, there are extensive measurements supporting the following assumption – a realistic leakage flow for a small or invisible spot leakage at a façade detail is presumed to be 0.5 to 2% of the runoff rate per meter of façade width. If there are multiple penetrations or obvious defects in the façade design in combination with the dams, a significantly higher proportion of the runoff flow can leak in.

https://surface.syr.edu/ibpc/2018/MS3/3

 

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