Southern landscapes: Coastal Arequipa and the Republic of Peru (1821-1879)

Date of Award

August 2019

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)




Christopher DeCorse


Andean south, Historical archaeology, Landscape archaeology, Maritime archaeology, Ports, Republic of Peru

Subject Categories

Social and Behavioral Sciences


In this dissertation, I explore the maritime landscapes of Arequipa, Peru at the turn of the Post-Colonial Republic (1821-1879). Given their multiscalar nature, landscapes show the complicated and nuanced ways in which social action, both individual and collective, is inscribed on the land and articulated geographically and interpersonally. Maritime landscapes, specifically, are temporally significant, as commodity trade engaged vast regions of the world in the nineteenth century, and most of this trade was maritime-based. During the mid-nineteenth century, the new Republic of Peru underwent a maritime turn in the outlook of its political economy as it, simultaneously, became increasingly fragmented in economic, political and social terms. The coastal places of Arequipa emplaced global, national and regional dynamics unique to each locus. Their examination reveals the complicated relationships that emerged in coastal Arequipa throughout the first six decades of the Republic. I demonstrate that the pulses of state-making and the expansion of capitalism unfolded unevenly throughout Arequipa’s littoral and that processes associated with both phenomena were significantly shaped at the site level.


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