Within a linear sigma model framework, possible mixing between two chiral nonets (a two quark nonet, and a four quark nonet) below 2 GeV is studied. Incorporating the U(1)_A behavior of the underlying QCD, and working in the isospin invariant limit, the mass spectra of the I=0, I=1/2 and I=1 pseudoscalars, and the I=1/2 scalars are studied, and estimates of their quark content are presented. It is found, as expected, that the ordinary and the excited pseudoscalars generally have much less two and four quark admixtures compared to the respective scalars. As by-products, several quantities such as the four quark vacuum condensate, and the decay constant of excited states are predicted.
Schechter, Joseph; Fariborz, Amir H.; and Jora, Renata, "Generalized Sigma Model Description of the Light J=0 Mesons" (2006). Physics. Paper 269.
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