Over thirty years of war and centuries of tribal and ethnic marginalization and centralization have left Afghanistan a nation both war-torn and in search of an identity. During the ten years of Operation Enduring Freedom, Coalition Forces and the Afghan government have tried to find ways to keep the nation's immense youth population away from insurgent influence. To date, the most effective method appears to be the implementation of sports diplomacy initiatives targeted at both the youth and female populations. With these government-run programs, Afghan youths and women are being offered an alternative to violence and respite from continued conflict. With further support and oversight, these sports programs could not only aid in quelling the resilient insurgency, but also in reshaping a nation despite decades of hardship and turmoil.
"Sports Diplomacy in a Conflict Environment: The Case for Continued Efforts in Afghanistan,"
Exchange: The Journal of Public Diplomacy: Vol. 3
, Article 5.
Available at: http://surface.syr.edu/exchange/vol3/iss1/5