It is argued that list structures containing cycles are useful and unobjectionable Lisp entities. If this is so, it is desirable to have a means of computing them less foreign to the equational-definition style characteristic of Lisp than are the list-structure-altering primitives rplaca and rplacd. A notion is developed of a reasonable system of mutually recursive equations, guaranteed to have a unique solution in list structures. The notion is given in terms of the computations invoked by the equations, without reference to the forms of expressions appearing in them. A variety of programming examples are presented, including a curious implementation of the Knuth-Morris-Pratt string matching algorithm. Two methods of implementing the recursive definitions facility are discussed.
Morris, F. Lockwood and Schwarz, Jennifer, "Computing Cyclic List Structures" (1980). Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Technical Reports. Paper 4.