disability insurance, labor supply, Social Security Disability Benefits Reform Act
A substantial portion of the rise in Social Security Disability Insurance rolls since 1984 has been attributed to the Social Security Disability Benefits Reform Act. Using data from the National Health Insurance Survey, I examine whom the act effectively targeted. The analysis shows that new enrollees were demonstrably taller than previous enrollees, suggesting that the act expanded eligibility to individuals in better health and socioeconomic circumstances. However, the estimated effect of increased SSDI eligibility on employment is low, suggesting that the act targeted males who would have otherwise been unemployed.
Singleton, Perry Douglas, "The Effective Target of the Social Security Disability Benefits Reform Act of 1984" (2009). Center for Policy Research. Paper 47.
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