Document Type

Article

Date

2011

Embargo Period

2-1-2013

Keywords

Anti-cancer agents; Aqueous solutions; Association constant; Association equilibria; Carboplatin; Drug concentration; Electrosprays; Long term stability; Monomeric forms; Oxaliplatin; Self-associations; Shelf life

Disciplines

Chemistry

Description/Abstract

Carboplatin and oxaliplatin are commonly used platinum anticancer agents that are sold as ready-to-use aqueous infusion solutions with shelf lives of 2 and 3 years, respectively. The observed rate constants for the hydrolysis of these drugs, however, are too large to account for their long shelf lives. We here use electrospray-trap mass spectrometry to show that carboplatin and oxaliplatin are self-associated at concentrations in their ready-to-use infusion solutions (∼27 mM and 13 mM, respectively) and, as expected, when the drug concentration is reduced to more physiologically relevant concentrations (100 μM and 5 μM, respectively) the association equilibrium is shifted in favor of the monomeric forms of these drugs. Using 1H NMR we measure the intensity of the NH resonance of the two symmetry-equivalent NH 3 molecules of carboplatin, relative to the intensity of the γ-methylene CH resonance, as a function of total drug concentration. Then, by fitting the data to models of different molecularity, we show that the association complex is a dimer with a monomer-dimer association constant of K (M -1) = 391 ± 127. The work presented here shows that carboplatin and oxaliplatin mainly exist as association complexes in concentrated aqueous solution, a property that accounts for the long term stability of their ready-to-use infusion solutions, and that these association complexes may exist, to some extent, in the blood after injection.

Additional Information

Copyright 2011 Dalton Transactions. This article may be downloaded for personal use only. Any other use requires prior permission of the author and Dalton Transactions.

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Chemistry Commons

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