Universal Service: Competition, Interconnection and Monopoly in the Making of the American Telephone System
This book, based on years of archival research at the AT&T/Bell Labs in the aftermath of the divestiture, was originally published in 1997 as part of the MIT Press/AEI Series on Telecommunications Regulation. Acclaimed by reviewers such as Lawrence Lessig as “extraordinary” and “a crisply written mix of history and clear theory,” the small press run was sold out by 2002. Nevertheless, every year I encountered people who asked where they could get copies. The AEI series had long come to an end, its funds gone and its editorial team disbanded, making a new press run all but impossible.
It was when I saw Amazon offering used hardcover copies of the book for $249.00 that I decided something had to be done. I seized the opportunity presented by the negotiation of a contract for my then-new book Networks and States: The Global Politics of Internet Governance to reclaim the copyright for Universal Service. I decided to make it available as an open ebook through the Syracuse University SUrface. But since I possessed neither the original galleys nor my manuscript in computerized form, the ebook had to be created almost from scratch, by scanning a printed manuscript, converting the resulting pdf file into a Word document, and then engaging in a lot of manual labor to improve the format and fixing all the conversion errors and typos. It took some time to do this. I would like to thank Natasha Cooper, Yuan Li of the Syracuse University Library and Chubing Hong, a Master’s student at the iSchool, for their dedicated help in making that happen!
Here, with only a few copy editing revisions, is the ‘shiny’ new digital version of Universal Service: Competition, Interconnection and Monopoly in the Making of the American Telephone System.
All rights reserved by Milton L. Mueller 2013.
Department of Preservation and Conservation
The Syracuse University Library Disaster Recovery Plan for library materials outlines procedures for salvaging a wide variety of library materials in the event of a disaster of minor emergency. We have designed this plan to help library staff cope with and recover materials from minor emergencies that typically involve 500 or less items. The majority of these emergencies will be caused by interior flooding due to leaky pipes (or water coming in from other vulnerable areas in library buildings) or from patron mishaps. The resultant wet books and other objects, such as photographs, microfilm, and sound recordings, can usually be dried on location and returned to service with minimal effort. Please note that this document takes effect after the safety and security of library staff and patrons has been secured. For more information see http://library.syr.edu/about/departments/preservation/recovery and http://researchguides.library.syr.edu/content.php?pid=34915&sid=275074.
Gerald B. Cramer
This is an autobiography by Gerald B. Cramer.
Gerald B. Cramer `52 is co-founder and chairman emeritus of Cramer Rosenthal & McGlynn LLC, an investment firm that manages over $10 billion. Cramer has had overall responsibility for its investment policy and was also a portfolio manager. He received his B.S. in accounting from the Martin J. Whiman School of Management at Syracuse University and attended the University of Pennsylvania`s Wharton School of Business. He served as a lieutenant in the U.S. Navy during the Korean War.
Cramer has sat on the boards of Ripplewood Holdings; Tecnomatix Technologies Ltd., where he was chair; OSHAP Technologies; Prime Ventures; Glenayre Technologies; Edison Control Corp; and ProxyMed Inc. His community service activities include serving as director of Teatown Lake Reservation and formerly serving on the boards of St. Joseph`s Medical Center and the Glaucoma Foundation.
Cramer has served on Syracuse University`s Board of Trustees since 1995, including a term as vice chairman. He has been a strong supporter of Lubin House and the High School for Leadership and Public Service. He has served as a member of the SU School of Architecture Advisory Board and the Metropolitan New York Advisory Board. In 2003, he was a lecturer for the Berman Distinguished Lecture Series at the Whitman School.
He has also been a major benefactor of the Maxwell School at Syracuse University. More than three dozen students have been recipients of Cramer Scholarships; currently, four members of the Maxwell faculty hold the title of Cramer Professor.
In June 2004, Cramer was selected as the first recipient of the Maxwell School Horizon Award, which was established to recognize wise, inspirational volunteer leadership combined with exceptional philanthropic commitment. In 2006, Cramer was awarded the George Arents Pioneer Medal, the highest alumni honor Syracuse University bestows.
Syracuse University School of Architecture
This book includes a wide range of essays and ideas concerning today's urban issues, and specifically that of Syracuse.
Bruce J. Abbey
Bruce Abbey Drawings and paintings 1965- 2000
Interrupting Heteronormativity: Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pedagogy and Responsible Teaching at Syracuse University
Kathleen Farrell, Nisha Gupta, and Mary Queen
Sozialpolitik Anders Denken. Das Verursacherprinzip – von der Umweltpolitischen zur sSozialpolitischen Anwendung
Isidor Wallimann and Esteban Piñeiro
The “polluter pays” principle in environmental law assumes that the actor would reduce or avoid adverse effects of his actions if he had to bear the consequences of those actions (internalization of effects). Such internalization can generally be done in two ways: either by avoiding or eliminating the harmful effects or by wearing the financial consequences of the injury. It is therefore on the one hand to have an incentive effect, on the other to a compensatory effect.
Pineiro and Wallimann apply these societal cost principles from the environmental world to the social realm, where social problems can be seen as negative externalities caused by anything or anyone - which raises the question of the causes or perpetrators. It is indisputable that social problems, in fact, usually occur as a result of human activity, but to clearly identify the root cause can be infinitely more difficult than in the environmental field, where the evidence can be done using scientific inquiry. In advocating their case, Pineiro and Wallimann develop guidelines for a possible application of the polluter pays principle to the social sector, and additionally, highlight selected societal problem areas in the area of alcohol, unemployment, and disabilities where this could be applied.
Isidor Wallimann and Michael Dobkowski
Michael N. Dobkowski and Isidor Wallimann establish a disturbing but realistic scenario of the disastrous future that awaits humankind as surplus populations collide with dwindling resources. Authors consider a number of cause-and-effect situations on industrialization, biophysical limits, exponential population growth, and genocide, to name a few. This volume is a critical contribution to the field and will serve as an ideal introduction to courses in the environment, population, resources, genocide, and social conflict.
Payal Banerjee, Kara Bopp, John Draeger, Hilton Hallock, and Tobi Jacobi
This text represents a year of research, dialogue, collaboration, and difference between teachers and scholars from at least nine disciplines at Syracuse University. The conversations and resources gathered here are intended to function as a practical and pedagogical tool for using writing in the university classroom. It is written in such a way that readers can use it as a linear text or as a sourcebook for specific questions, concerns, and teaching needs.
Michael N. Dobkowski and Isidor Wallimann
The structure of the book is simple. The first part analyzes major forces having an impact on the survivability of civilization as we know it into the twenty-first century. It outlines the challenges we face, including overpopulation, pressure upon the land, migration, ecological damage, and social instability. In part two, we present more detailed discussion of the problem of scarcity and how it relates to conflict. The authors in this section argue that the current level of human activity is unsustainable. They demonstrate that population growth in particular affects the natural world and can affect the social order and international political systems.The authors in part three go beyond the empirical and theoretical studies of the first two parts to examine how scarcity has already led to mass death and genocide in Rwanda, Bosnia, Somalia, and Haiti and to speculate on the likelihood that scarcities could be a more decisive factor in genocide in the future.
Isidor Wallimann and Susanne Schmid
While the usual discussion about the poverty of the minimum financial security speaks, the authors ask what it could mean for to be living in a secure socio-cultural minimum. The fact is that poverty can be both "caused" by various forms of exclusion, as well as the socio-cultural exclusion promotes or "causes".
Ken Frieden and Dan Miron
Born in Belorussia in 1836, S. Y. Abramovitsh was the founding father of modern Yiddish fiction. His stories and novels depict small-town Jewish life i nthe Russian Pale of Settlement through the hilarious, satiric, and sympathetic tales of his alter ego/narrator, Mendele the Book Peddler ("Mendele Moykher Sforim"). This itinerant peddler, who travels the Pale collecting good stories, was so closely identified with Abramovitsh's fiction that "Mendele" became the author's pen name.
This volume---the fourth in Schocken's acclaimed Library of Yiddish Classics---brings together two of Abramovitsh's best-loved novellas:"Fishke the Lame," a bittersweet love story set in the world of beggars, paupers, and rogues, and "The Brief Travels of Benjamin the Third," the comical misadventures of a Quixote-Panza pair who set off to see the world outside their town. These tales, in superb new translations by Ted Gorelick and Hillel Halkin, represent Yiddish storytelling at its best---full of heart, humor, and homespun wisdom.
Frieden explores methods of dream interpretation in the Bible, the Talmud, and in the writings of Sugmund Freud, and brings to light Freud's Troubled relationship to his Judaic forerunners. This book reveals unfamiliar associations in intellectual history and challenges received ideas in biblical, Talmudic, and Freudian scholarship.
"Genius is the intellectual obsession of our time," Ken Frieden writes, "and monologue is one symptom of the disorder." From ancient, spiritual conceptions of genius to modern notions of the extraordinary mind, Frieden traces associated philosophic and literary expressions of inspiration and individuality.
Frieden juxtaposes the evolving forms of genius with traditions of monologue in pre-Shakespearean and Shakespearean drama, Romantic poetry, and nineteenthand twentieth-century fiction. He delineates the linguistic mechanisms that have shaped the dominant ideology of genius, showing that while literary monologues typically break the conventions of dialogue, aethetics ultimately identifies originality with deviance and madness. The successive guises of genius have gradually displaced divine intervention, and language has usurped the role of external inspiration.
Ken Frieden's provocative and wideranging study revises some traditional assumptions of literary theory and intellectual history and sheds light on the fictions of divinity and subjectivity in literature. It will interest scholars and students of literary theory as well as comparativists, intellectual and literary historians, and philosophers.
Robert G. Gregory and Richard E. Lewis
The Secretariat Circulars are made up of five reels of microfilm that comprise Section 7, the last section of the Guide to the Kenya National Archives. Microfilm number: 2807.
Michael N. Dobkowski and Isidor Wallimann
The social system of Weimar Germany has always been controversial. From the start 1Weimar society was characterized by a peculiar fluidity: between 1913 and 1933, the German Reich, commonly referred to as the Weimar Republic, was a virtual laboratory of sociocultural experimentation. In the streets of German towns and cities, political armies competed for followers--a process punctuated by assassinations and advertised by street battles embroiling monarchists, imperial militarists, nihilistic war veterans, Communists, Socialists, anarchists, and National Socialists. Parliamentary activity involved about twenty-five political parties whose shifting alliances produced twenty governmental cabinets with an average lifespan of less than nine months.
Estrangement: Marx's conception of human nature and the division of labor, examines the idea of estrangement in philosophy and the social sciences through an analysis of Marx's works. This book elucidates a functional meaning for the term estrangement and explores Marx's views on the division of labor and human nature.
Robert G. Gregory, Robert M. Maxon, and Leon P. Spencer
The Guide is a compilation of 6 sections accessing approximately 157 microfilm reels of documents within the collection of the Kenya National Archives.
Tins first detailed biography of Morris traces the great liberal's Me, views, and political develop ment to his entrance into the U.S. Senate in 1913. In examining the metamorphosis of a rising young lawyer with mortgage interests into a leader of the Progressive movement, the book gives a thorough account of the political growth and maturing of a man who became one of the foremost legislators in American history.
Karl M. Schmidt
THE TWO-PARTY system has been a feature of the American political scene for all except a few brief periods in our history. Yet, during most of the last 130 years, the traditional two major parties have had in virtually every election at least one minor-party competitor. Despite this persistence, there has been a continuing pattern of failure. Never has an American third party been successful in displacing a major competitor. (Both the Whigs and the Republicans grew and came to power in two of those rare periods when a single major party was dominant.) The presidential campaign of 1948 was not exceptional in that it witnessed new minor-party challenges to Democratic and Republican supremacy. One of these movements took shape as Henry A. Wallace's Progressive Party. The present study attempts to examine the background, the leaders, the organization, the campaign, and finally the disintegration of this third party. It attempts to present a history of the Wallace Progressive Party a political history based to the greatest possible extent upon the firsthand accounts of those who participated in a movement sufficiently distinctive to merit the title of "crusade" a quixotic crusade.
Carol A. Fisher and Fred Krinsky
This book had its inception in a common teaching experience. Although it is now almost two years since we were first involved in the preparation of materials on the Middle East for a course in the problems of American democracy, world events continue to remind us of the critical importance of the Mediterranean area. Our students were aware of an increasing variety of proposals for the role the United States should play in easing the tensions in the Middle East, but they were relatively unfamiliar with the general history and geography of the area. Thus they were unable to evaluate these various proposals critically. As a result of this experience it was felt that there was a general need for a selection of materials designed to guide the citizen in formulating his own view of United States policy in this troubled zone. We then undertook a dual task: (1) the preparation of a descriptive essay which would meet the need of student and lay reader alike as a guide to the basic historical and geographical data of the Middle East; and (2) the provision of a source book of historical and recent documents which would constitute a framework for developing and testing foreign policy proposals.
This book was written neither in admiration of a hero nor in condemnation of a bandit. I had neither object in view. Moreover, to my mind, the line of demarcation between the bandit and the hero is at times faint. No, in the following pages I have attempted merely to set down an accurate record of certain episodes in my life selected from the storehouse of memory as of certain interest to the public at large and in connection with current events in the Far East. More important than this, I feel it my duty, not only towards my own people but to humanity as a whole, to record a number of facts which may well be distorted to a greater or lesser extent in official histories for I have already seen the germs of inaccuracy appearing in print.
Julian L. Ross
The most important questions of our time are philosophical. All about us we see the clash of ideas and ideologies. Yet the formal study of philosophy has been losing rather than gaining ground. There is increasing interest in the issues, but up to the present there has been no corresponding increase in their systematic study. In many American colleges the work in philosophy attracts fewer and fewer students. Because philosophy is in the doldrums, I have wondered for some time what should be done to breathe into it fresh life. One idea that appeals strongly to me is to invite brilliant teachers in other fields to become students of philosophy and thus encourage a marriage of economics and philosophy, political science and philosophy, art and philosophy, and last but not least, literature and philosophy. This book is a kind of Exhibit A of this approach to the problem.