Mutation, Caenorhabditis elegans, Multigene family, Gene organization, Phenotype
The glp-1 gene encodes a membrane protein required for inductive cell interactions during development of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans. Here we report the molecular characterization of 15 loss-of-function (lf) mutations of glp-1. Two nonsense mutations appear to eliminate glp-1 activity; both truncate the glp-1 protein in its extracellular domain and have a strong loss-of-function phenotype. Twelve missense mutations and one in-frame deletion map to sites within the repeated motifs of the glp-1 protein (10 epidermal growth factor [EFG]-like and 3 LNG repeats extracellularly and 6 cdc10/SW16, or ankyrin, repeats intracellularly). We find that all three types of repeated motifs are critical to glp-1 function, and two individual EFG-like repeats may have distinct functions. Intriguingly, all four missense mutations in one phenotypic class map to the N-terminal EGF-like repeats and all six missense mutations in a second phenotypic class reside in the intracellular cdc10/SW16 repeats. These two clusters of mutations may identify functional domains within the glp-1 protein.
Kodoyianni, Voula; Maine, Eleanor M.; and Kimble, Judith, "Molecular Basis of Loss-of-Function Mutations in the glp-1 Gene of Caenorhabitis elegans" (1992). Biology. Paper 15.
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