Identifying Sources of Prehistoric Turquoise in North America: Problems and Implications for Interpreting Social Organization
Well-made turquoise beads are rare in North American archaeological sites, and the prehistoric sources of turquoise are limited. Mining the turquoise, manufacturing the bead, and using it as part of a bracelet or necklace involve numerous human interactions to transport the raw material from its source to the place where it is finally found in an archaeological context. Accurate identification of turquoise sources affects our interpretation of prehistoric behavior and is the focus of this paper.
The Society of Bead Researchers is a non-profit scientific-educational corporation founded in 1981 to foster historical, archaeological, and material cultural research on beads and beadwork of all materials and periods, and to expedite the dissemination of the resultant knowledge. Membership is open to all persons involved in the study of beads, as well as those interested in keeping abreast of current trends in bead research.
Mathien, Frances Joan
"Identifying Sources of Prehistoric Turquoise in North America: Problems and Implications for Interpreting Social Organization."
BEADS: Journal of the Society of Bead Researchers
12: 17-37. Available at:
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