Brenna Merola

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 5-2016




architecture, infrastructure, temporary housing, syria, relief, adaptable




Architectural Technology | Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis | Environmental Design | Urban, Community and Regional Planning


Since 2011 civil war has erupted in Syria causing many Syrians to flee the county. About 9 million people have been internationally displaced causing disruption to the surrounding countries, which have had to create new accommodations. Primary issues have been shortage of basic such as shelter, food and water. Through analysis of disaster situations and refugee conditions, the types of infrastructural systems needed for survival can be better understood. This analysis can determine how to integrate systems into an architectural solution to this global issue: temporary housing pods.

Michael McDaniels, EXO Reaction Housing founder, has created a prototype of a housing pod. This pod is an efficient model for maximizing livable space while still being lightweight and easily transportable. The problem with this pod is it lacks the ability to be a self-functioning system and only contains one of the major necessities needed for survival.

Although the previously mentioned housing systems create shelter they are lacking major necessities from an energy perspective. This thesis presents, a typology of temporary relief housing that is self-sustaining and better addresses the procedure and process of housing individuals affected. The propose pod is adaptable in order to fit the needs of different types of environmental conditions, while still encompassing the architectural necessities of light, heat, and energy. The characteristics of this housing type can be listed: quick assembly, mass transportation in quantities, and the incorporation of major necessities such as shelter, water, food, and safety. Not only is this temporary housing system more efficient, but also it is able to become its own energy source. In order for easy transportation these pods have pre-fabricated parts that can be shipped, efficiently packed and assembled on site. These particular pods have been tailored to focus on the areas affected in neighboring Jordan, the site location, which is currently experiencing a mass exodus of refugees due to lack of food and water. Creating an organized camp layout and altering pods to become self sufficient, which address the issues of resources encourages refugees to stay within Jordan.


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