Dexter Cicchinelli

Document Type


Publication Date

Spring 5-2016




architecture, cross culture, vernacular, japan, military




Architectural History and Criticism | Architectural Technology | Cultural Resource Management and Policy Analysis | Urban, Community and Regional Planning


This thesis investigates transforming a decommissioned military site into a productive part of its host nation’s context. Okinawa consists of a group of islands that make up the southern-most prefecture of Japan. MAP It is situated midway between Tokyo and Manila, and called the “keystone of the Pacific” by military planners because of its strategic location. AERIAL FLIGHT MAP It was the site of the devastating Battle of Okinawa in WWII which prompted an ongoing history of military intervention and occupation. TIMELINE Immediately after the war, displaced Okinawans were put in camps while the military claimed land for bases. Some of the most productive land, used for farming and sustaining livelihood, was requisitioned for military use.AERIAL PHOTOS OF BASES In the central and southern part of the island, towns were rebuilt around their historical footprints. The island was fully occupied by the United States military until its reversion to Japan in 1972, and Okinawans have had to coexist with the remaining US military presence since. Seventy-five percent of the U.S. military facilities in Japan are located in Okinawa, despite Okinawa being only 0.6% of the land area of Japan.


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